Issue 11:1

Richard R. Moeller

The Challenge from Merkel’s Right: Alternative for Germany and the Alliance for Progress and Renewal in Bavaria and Eastern Germany

Abstract: In the past three years two new political parties have been established in Germany and both approach recent economic, social and civil issues from the political Right. The Alternative for Germany (Alternative für Deutschland, AfD) can indeed be viewed further to the right than the Alliance for Progress and Renewal (Allianz für Fortschritt und Aufbruch, ALFA); yet each notably exists in spite of Angela Merkel’s (Chancellor of Germany) Christian Democratic Union Party (CDU). Moreover,…

Issue 11:1

Nino Kereselidze

Causes of Conflicts and Methods or Resolution in the Caucasus

Abstract: After the collapse of the USSR and the outbreak of armed conflicts in the Caucasus, international relations scholars and practitioners have sought explanations about causes of conflicts and ways to their resolution. This article poses why conflicts have erupted in the countries of the former USSR and what are the methods of their resolution. With an effort to establish causality of conflicts, this article compares common causes of conflicts in the former Soviet Union with those in the…

Issue 11:1

Vladimir Remmer

The Role of Internet Based Social Networks in Russian Protest Movement Mobilization

Abstract: One of the unmistakable characteristics of Russia’s “White House” uprising that led to regime change in August 1991 was its broad popular support. The political upheaval that initially found buttress in Muscovite urban middle classes soon transcended all social strata and geography ending dominance of the communist party in Russia. However, the mass protests in opposition to authoritarian rule that gained energy in 2011 failed to generate the same momentum necessary to unite diverse…

Issue 11:1

Pavlo Ignatiev

Overcoming the “Dutch Disease”: The Economic Modernisation of Gulf monarchies into the 21st Century

Abstract: This article deals with necessity of oil-rich countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) to move away from commodities export in favour of more diversified economies in times of low prices of crude oil. Issues, including the rise of alternative branches of industry, shifts in agriculture to developing countries in Asia and Africa, investments in shares of profitable enterprises and property in the West, development of the service economy are examined. Keywords: GCC countries,…

Issue 11:1

Nik Hynek

Regime Theory as IR Theory: Reflection on Three Waves of ‘Isms’

This article analyzes the significance of regime theory, or regimes theorization, for the field of International Relations. It tries to reflect on theoretical affinities between the two, with an intention to recast regime theory as IR theory. While this may not be surprising given that regime theory has been a standard occupier of IR theoretical space, not much has been systematically written on both evolutionary qualities of regime theory as such, and its changing yet strong pegging to IR…

Issue 10:3

Kingsley Emeka Ezemenaka and Jan Prouza

Biafra’s Resurgence: State Failure, Insecurity and Separatist Agitations in Nigeria

Abstract: This work critically examines the issues undermining the unification of Nigeria, using indicators and concepts including failed state, separatist agitation and insecurity. It forays into the inherent issues underlying the Biafran movement and the ways in which those issues, as well as Biafran agitation, are inimical to Nigeria's development. Nigeria is a heterogeneous nation facing challenges within the balance of economic development along ethnic divisions in society. The current…

Issue 10:3

Yulia Boguslavskaya

NATO and Environmental Security: Understanding the Limits of the Alliance`s Transformation during Détente

Abstract: The article explores the founding of NATO’s Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society (CCMS). The founding of CCMS made NATO—an organisation which was established mainly for territorial defence—deal with the issue of environmental protection. Thus, NATO received, for the first time, a task that was global in its nature and unrelated to its primary traditional concern: the security of its member states. Earlier research has emphasised opposition to the US proposal to establish the…

Issue 10:3

Siarhei Bohdan and Gumer Isaev

Criminal, Religious and Political Radicalisation in Prisons: Exploring the Cases of Romania, Russia and Pakistan, 1996-2016

Abstract: Ironically, prison and imprisonment plays a significant in role in the development of radicalised and extremist individuals and movements—a point highlighted by the recent enquiry into the radicalisation process of Islamists in Europe. The fact that prison might act as a ‘school of crime’ is one of the most debated issues in the field of penology and has begun to impact decision making in the areas of judicial affairs, social work, policing and public policy more generally. The state…


Stephanie Novak

Sharing Lessons and Perspectives with Chinese Education Innovators

What can the world learn from China and its education system; and what can we teach the Chinese? That was the burning question at a key regional seminar in Beijing last weekend. Some of the leading lights in education from the UK, US and around the globe travelled to the World Innovation Summit for Education (WISE) gathering in Beijing, China, entitled ‘Innovating for Equity and Empowerment’. The WISE-LIFE China Forum, developed by WISE and partners the 21st Century Education Research…


Iuliia Shirinkina

On the Brink? Assessing the US Election, 2016

While the presidential elections in the US are approaching to its final stage, more information is being published about the two candidates. The large amounts of personal information or facts that have not been considered significant in the past are now being revealed and spread around by numerous media outlets. As the campaigning is nearing its end any significant fact may change the voters’ opinions on candidates by emphasizing the flaws in their political campaigns, previous careers and…

Issue 10:3

Piercamillo Falasca, Lorenzo Castellani, Radko Hokovsky

European Union at Risk: The Judiciary under Attack in Romania

Executive Summary Many of the methods used by the Communists in Romania pre-1989 to create a politicised system of justice and law enforcement are still in existence in contemporary Romania. The control of judicial institutions and the subordination of the rule of law by the Romanian executive and its agencies continues to present a major challenge to attempts at reform. In particular, the use of the justice system by the Romanian executive, and its agencies, to destroy political…


Editor's desk

Mitchell A. Belfer

Is Netanyahu Facing an Israeli Spring Moment?

With Middle East politics again ablaze, it is easy for pundits to miss the huge controversy brewing around Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu as he struggles to keep his composure under the weight of unfriendly allegations.It is easy; but it is wrong. With Israel’s Channel 2 reporting, back in early September, of an inquiry into claims that Netanyahu had solicited a bribe, something which he vehemently denies, this may be the trigger Israel needs to galvanize people against political…

Editor's desk

Mitchell A. Belfer

Foreign Investors Must Not Exploit Weak Regulation In Europe

This summer US regulators released a detailed list of reforms it believes will make markets function better and more efficiently. The reforms by the Committee on Capital Markets Regulation is aimed at restoring public confidence in the Stock Market. The high level panel contains industry heavyweights ranging from Wall Street executives, hedge fund CEOs, individuals such as Kenneth Bentsen Jr., head of the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association, and representatives of trading…


Radko Hokovský

Romania: Still at Odds with the Rule of Law

With nearly 20 million inhabitants Romania joined the EU together with Bulgaria in 2007. While Romania is scheduled to hold the EU Council presidency in 2019, the country remains at the periphery of the Union in terms of its geography, economic performance and the level of its institutional integration. Romania fulfils neither the fiscal criteria for the adoption of the Euro currency, nor has it been allowed to join the Schengen Area. And, moreover, it is still under the so-called Cooperation…

Issue 10:2

Radko Hokovský

The Concept of Border Security in the Schengen Area

Abstract: This article contributes to the discussion about border security in the Schengen Area, particularly regarding the dramatic increase of illegal immigration since 2013. It first outlines the competency of the European Union regarding protection of Schengen’s external borders and identifies the objectives of EU policies. The article goes on to critically analyse the concept of ‘EU Integrated Border Management,’ showing that it is hardly applicable to strategic policy making. There is no…

Issue 10:2

Samer Bakkour

Dynamics of Middle East Peace Process in the Era of US Hegemony: 1950-2000

Abstract: This article begins with the observation that the US has over the course of the 20th century, exerted an unrivalled influence on international affairs. In exerting this influence, which is manifested within various dimensions (military, economic and technological), successive American administrations were able to pursue and consolidate their own interests at the international level of governance. In this respect, it is telling that both advocates and critics of American power agree…


Ewelina Szczech

Private vs. Public Interest: Whose City is it?

Comparing Public Space Models in Central and Eastern Europe—A Look at Bucharest, Romania and Warsaw, Poland What defines a character of a city is its public space, not its private space. What defines the value of the private assets of the space are not the assets by themselves but the common assets. The value of the public good affects the value of the private good. We need to show every day that public spaces are an asset to a city. — Clos, Executive Director, UN-Habitat This reflection…


Adisa Avdić-Küsmüş

Human Rights in Romania? The Scent of Hypocrisy

Amid growing security concerns and an unfolding migrant crisis, developing adequate mechanisms for human rights development has tumbled down the priority list in Romania--a country that lacks strong democratic traditions and continues to carry the heavy burden of its communist past. This is producing a generation of policy makers hostile to the anchors of European values. Consider that earlier this year Romanian Justice Minister, Raluca Pruna, suggested that human rights are a 'theoretical…

Editor's desk

Mitchell Belfer

If Not Now, When? Reviewing Europe’s Failures, One Country at a Time

From terrorism to corruption, war, economic crises and the return of extremist political parties, the past years have been trying for the EU on the social, political and economic fronts. BREXIT may have been the first rejection of membership—it is unlikely to be the last. To avoid the complete unwinding of the European project it is important to recalibrate the essence of the Union; to find and expose its weakest points – and members – and work at building a Europe that is reflective of the…


Laszlo Lovaszy

Massive Immigration Overshadowed by the Upcoming Wave of Robots

Everybody now talks about Brexit and illegal immigration; however there was another crucial referendum on our future several weeks ago. Voters in Switzerland rejected with a large and convincing majority the idea of introducing the so-called unconditional basic income (UBI) scheme this June. According to supporters of this campaign, over 90 % of office workers will be replaced by computers soon. Let’s see the case of Artificial Intelligence (AI) first. According to a recent Nature article, we…

2018 - Volume 12, Issue 1